Post inflammatory-hyperpigmentation are those embarrassing dark and discolored spots that appear on your skin following acne that has healed. The spots are flat areas of skin discoloration that are also referred to as macules. Your skin tone and the severity of the acne will determine whether the spots are pinkish, red, brown or black. The post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a response to skin inflammation caused by the acne, which causes overproduction of melanin. Melanin is a protein that is responsible for skin color, and in this case, when in excess, causes hyperpigmentation. Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is not a real scar, and treatments are available to fade the dark spots.
There multiple over-the-counter treatments, including a range of effective “brightening” products. Before using such over-the-counter treatments, it would be best that your acne is under control, as it would otherwise be less effective as more cases of acne can cause dark spots all over again.
A widely used treatment for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation is hydroquinone cream. It works by reducing the enzyme that enables melanin production, and as such, lightens the skin. Hydroquinone creams usually contain other lightening ingredients to give more effective results, like glycolic acid, kojic acid, tretinoin and other retinoids, and vitamin C. Cream should be applied cautiously to the dark spots only, to avoid any unwanted lightening of normal skin areas. Hydroquinone is available as over-the-counter and prescription treatments.
Topical retinoids are another treatment option for dark spots. Retinoids that can be used include tretinoin and tazarotene, and examples of retinoid creams are Retin-A, Tazorac and Differin. They work by increasing cell turnover rates. They not only treat dark spots they also heal acne, making them a convenient treatment for acne sufferers. It may take several weeks to months of treatment to start seeing effects in clearing dark spots.
Skincare products that contain glycolic acid can help dark spots disappear. Glycolic acid has the effect of exfoliating the skin and lightening dark spots. It also comes with the additional benefit of leaving your skin smooth and soft. Glycolic acid is available in many different forms of over-the-counter skin products such as cleansers, creams and gels, and higher concentrations available in prescription. Improvement with glycolic acid is gradual and may take several months.
Azelaic acid is another treatment for post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. It has the effect of increasing cell turnover rates while decreasing inflammation. It not only helps fade dark spots, it is used to treat acne as well. Studies show that it is just as effective as hydroquinone cream in removing hyperpigmentation. It is available as a prescription treatment only, in cream and gel form. It can be used alongside glycolic acid or retinoids.
Our favorite product for treating these dark spots is Meladerm Skin Lightening. Meladerm is an all natural skin lightning product that has been tested by some of our visitors and they say it gives amazing results. Many people have seen results in just a few weeks. It has been one of the more succesful products on the market the last 4 years.
Aside from over-the-counter products, there are other treatment options, administered by professionals, to treat post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. One option is the chemical peels technique, which involves the application of a chemical to remove the top layer of skin, and get rid of the dark spot. Microdermabrasion is another technique that uses a rotating soft brush to scrape away the top layers of skin. Laser therapy provides another way to remove dark spots, also by removing the top layers of skin.
As you see, there are several treatment options to get rid of dark spots caused by post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. They include a variety of brightening treatments, to treatments that are administered by professionals. Everyone’s skin is different so if one treatment does not work there are plenty of others to try that could be the cure.
For more information on our favorite all natural skin lightning product check out our Meladerm Review. You can also go right to the source and read all their research, before and after stories, and get a list of ingrediants.